Victor Considerant 1847
Original: “Principles of Socialism. Manifesto of 19th century democracy,” by Victor Considerant, Graduate of the École Polytechnique, member of the Conseil Général de la Seine, followed by “Peaceful Democracy on Trial.”
Source: “Principles of Socialism. Manifesto of 10th century democracy,” by Victor Considerant, translated by Joan Roelofs, Washington Studies in World Intellectual History, published by Maisonneuve Press, 2006.
First Published: Paris 1847, reprinted by Otto Zeller, Osnabrück, 1978.
Translated: for Marxists.org by Joan Roelofs.
Introduction by Joan Roelofs
Part One. The State of Society
I. Of the interests and needs of society.
II. The Two Solutions to the Social Problem
Part Two. The State of Opinion
I. STUDY OF THE GREAT DIVISIONS OF MODERN DEMOCRACY
Immobilist Democracy, or the Standpat-conservative party.
Retrograde Democracy or the revolutionary party.
Progressive Democracy, or the Party of Peaceful Reorganization.
II. DOCTRINES OF THE JOURNAL PEACFUL DEMOCRACY.
General idea of human Destiny.
Fraternity and Unity
Religious Unity; – Free Inquiry.
Social Unity; – The Right to Work.
Peaceful Democracy, Journal of Governments’ and Peoples’ Interests.
Pwaceful Democracy is Monarchical
Political Unity; – Election