MIA : Library : Alberto Moreau

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Alberto Moreau

1897 – 1977

He was born Alberto Moise on December 15, 1897 in Salonika, at that time part of the Ottoman Empire. His parents were Sephardic Jews and Salonika was renowned at the time for the size and activism of the socialist movement in the Sephardic Jewish community. He was active in the socialist movement from an early age and was briefly jailed in 1915 for his opposition to World War I. He emigrated to the United States in 1916.

Initially he was active in the leftwing of the US Socialist Party, working among its Spanish speaking members and supporters. He joined the Communist Party in 1920 and quickly became a leading figure among those working with Spanish speakers in New York City. He participated in the founding of the Workers (Communist) Party in 1925 and soon held a variety of positions within the organization. At the local level he was a Member of the New York City Central Committee, Member of the New York District Committee. Nationally, in 1928-29 he was Secretary of the Spanish Bureau of the Central Committee and then in 1930-31 Secretary of the Colonial Department of the Central Committee. He played a leading role in convincing the Party to make a priority of work among Latinos in the U.S.

In 1928 he was the Workers (Communist) Party candidate for New York state assembly from New York County 17th District. He was also active in a variety of Party mass organizations, including the Club Obrero Espaņol. He was secretary of the US Anti-Imperialist League and a member of the Secretariat of the Caribbean Bureau of Socorro Rojo Internacional. In 1929, together with Leon Slavin Ruiz, he authored the first US Communist pamphlet on Latin American immigrant workers in the United States: “Los Latino-Americanos en los Estados Unidos.”

In the early 1930s he began working in the apparatus of the Communist International. From its creation sometime in 1931, he was a member of the Comintern’s Caribbean Bureau and later its secretary from 1933-1935. The Bureau was responsible for the Communist Parties in Central America and the Caribbean, including Cuba, Venezuela and Colombia.

In 1932, he represented the Bureau at the 5th Plenum of the Communist Party of Cuba. In 1934 he did the same at the Party’s second congress. He was a member of the committee that produced the founding program of the Communist Party of Venezuela.

During this period he wrote extensively for the Communist press, including in The Communist, Daily Worker, Labor Defender, International Press Correspondence, The Negro Worker, Mundo Obrero, Vida Obrera, El Luchador del Caribe, El Trabajador Latinoamericano, and La Correspondencia Sudamericana. In additional to Albert Moreau, he wrote under the pseudonyms John Bell, Manuel Valencia and Alfredo Moreno.

In 1936 he returned to working for the Communist Party, USA primarily in the field of education, teaching courses at the New York Workers School and later at the Jefferson School. He continued to be an active Party leader for the rest of his life in various capacities, in the National Committee and on the NY District CP Committee, the Puerto Rican Commission, and the Latin American Commission.

He died in 1977 and his ashes were interred at Waldheim Cemetery, Chicago, near the graves of the Haymarket Martyrs.


Works

1932 Autobiography [prepared for the Communist International]

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Hoover to Make Latin America into Colony

Work Among Latins in the U.S.: Four Million Immigrants Await Organization for Anti-Imperialist Struggle

Death Blow to Factionalism, Says Moreau

The Civil War in Mexico

Los Latino-Americanos en los Estados Unidos. La Situacion de los Trabajadores en Norte America por Leon Slavin Ruiz y Alberto Moreau

Latin American Notes

Not a Latin-American Party Member for Lovestone

Whither Sandino?

New Wall Street President – Boss of Mexico

United States’ Imperialism Drinks the Red Blood of Black Haiti

Down with Machado’s “Labor” Congress!

Imperialism’s Killers At Work [on the murder of Julio Antonio Mella]

Sandino Must Answer to Anti-Imperialists

Latin America Jobless Fight. Hundreds of Thousands Starving to Death

Mr. Hoover’s Commission on Haiti “Reports”

Latin American Workers and Murder of Gonzales

War Clouds on the Mexican Horizon

Support the Nicaraguan Workers and Peasants

Baldwin and Gandhi

Blood Stained Nitrates of Chile [The Communist, Vol. X, No. 5, May 1931]

Tasks of the Party in Porto Rico

The Meaning of the Girardot Strike in Colombia

The Significance of August 23rd, Anti-Imperialist Day

The “Debt Moratorium” for Latin America

Protest Against the Fascist Regime of Montero in Chile

 

 


Last updated: 28 June 2018